There are thousands of Species of Snakes around the world, Some of them are not venomous and some of them are most deadliest things you would ever see or experience. I thought to Write up a list about 10 Most Venomous Snakes around the world you should beware of. Snakes mix their venom with spit and Venom is usually injected through, some sort of, special teeth of these snakes.
It is an interesting point to be noticed that half of the top most Poisonous snakes species are found in Australian continent. Below, I’ve presented a list of Top 10 Most Venomous Snakes on Earth. Although I’ve listed LD50 value of some species, venom’s potency doesn’t depend solely on this property. So here we go!
10 Most Venomous Snakes:
10. Tiger Snake:
This snake is native to Australia, along its coastal and southern islands and Tasmania. The word “Tiger” is used in the name, due to a fact that it has stripes like a tiger. Its venom is believed to be one of the most potent among all snakes. Its venom is lethal due to the presynaptic neurotoxins and procoagulants in it. Presynaptic neurotoxins cause paralysis and muscular weakness whereas procoagulants leads to unimpeded bleeding.
9. Tiger Rattle Snake:
Tiger Rattle Snake or Tiger Rattler is an Extremely venomous snake that belongs to “Pit Viper” (Rattlesnakes) species of snakes. It is usually found in south-western United States and north-western Mexico. It has a pattern of vertical stripes, when viewed from sideways, thus known as Tiger. Although, It yields a comparatively low venom, toxicity of its venom is highest among all Rattlesnake’s venoms. Its venom has LD50 value of 0.6 mg/kg. The early therapeutic use of anti-venom is required, if envenomation is suspected.
8. Dubois’ Sea Snake:
Dubois’ Sea Snake is a species of Sea Snakes. Their habitat includes Papua New Guinea, Coral Sea, Timor Sea and Arafura Sea, it usually lives up to depth of 80 metres of ocean. It is the most venomous sea snake. Although, it is very venomous, but it lives in deep water, so any chances of being bitten by it are quite rare. It has LD50 value of 0.025 mg/kg. That’s the main reason, it’s given 8th spot.
7. Philippine Cobra:
The Philippine Cobra is probably the most venomous snake of cobra species in the world. It is a “venom-spitting” Cobra. As the name suggests, it is native to northern Philippines. Its venom is a highly potent postsynaptic neurotoxin, which affects respiratory function and cause neurotoxicity and respiratory paralysis. According to a research, its venom is a pure neurotoxin, with no other component. It has an average toxicity LD 50 value of 0.2 mg/kg. Symptoms of bite may include vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dizziness, headache and having difficulty to breathe.
6. Eastern Brown Snake:
This brownish reptile has a venom LD50 value of 0.053 mg/kg. It is native to Australasia region (Australia, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea ). Its colour can vary, with a common shade of Brown. It has an average length of 3.6 – 5.9 ft. It is known for its aggression and speed. When angry, they hold their neck high, thus forming an S-like Shape. Even an 1/14000 ounce of its venom is more than enough to kill an adult man. Medically, its venom is known to cause diarrhea, collapse or convulsions, dizziness, renal failure, paralysis and cardiac arrest. It has an LD 50 value of 0.041 mg/kg. The good news is that this Snake reacts to your movements, so if you will keep calm and be still, you should be safe.
5. Common Death Adder:
Common Death Adder is a species of Death Adder, native to Australia and New Guinea. It is found over Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and much of coastal and eastern-south Australia. Death Adders are themselves very harmful. In just one attack they can inject 180 mg of venom. You can easily identify a Common Death Adder by its short body, triangular head and low fangs. Its venom can cause paralysis or even death. It can deliver the fastest strike among all snakes in Australia.
4. Russell’s Viper:
At fourth place, this is a type of snake, with which, you wish not to have an encounter. This snake is commonly found in Sub-Continent, and its neighbouring countries like: Thailand, Taiwan, South-East China and Myanmar etc. In its native (India), its name is “Daboia” (sounds weird). It is Dangerous than other Poisonous snakes, in the sense, that it often lives in the crowded areas. Its head is of triangular shape, flat and different from lower body. Its maximum Length is of 166 cm and averages about 120 cm.
On average scale, It is slimmer than most Vipers. Its Girth is 15 cm. As far as its venom is concerned, Such a deathly effect it has that, in Myanmar, it accounts for 90 % of deaths due to snakebite. There is NO anti-venom for this Viper, till now. Its has a dreadful toxicity as high as LD50 of 0.03 mg/kg.
At third, Common-Krait is often touted as the most Venomous Snake in Asia. It is one member of “Big Four” Snakes, which are most venomous Asian Snakes, others are Russell’s Viper, Indian Cobra and Saw-Scaled Viper. It is highly rated to be more dangerous among others. Its bite is almost painless, you may feel that you have been bitten by a Mosquito. Its venom has powerful neurotoxins, which causes muscular paralysis. These neurotoxins also affect the nerve endings of the brain. And worse than that, if paralysis has once developed, then it is irreversible. In case of no treatment, the fatality rate is 70-80%. The most dangerous snake of this species is “Malayan Krait”, which is found in South-India.
2. Black Mamba:
Meet this reptile. It is placed on a very close second rank. Also known as Black-Mouthed Mamba or the Common Black Mamba, it is one of the two most venomous snakes in this planet. It belongs to the species “Dendroaspis”(Mambas). It has gained a cult status regarding fierceness and as an angry, nervous, aggressive Snake. It is usually found in all over Africa (particularly over Sub-Saharan region ). It has such a deathly effect on people’s life that its bite is called “Kiss of death” among natives.
As its name suggests, It is all-black (including inner-mouth). It is highly rated as the fastest among all the land Snakes, with the speed up to 6.8 mph upto a distance of 43 m(141 ft). It attacks with acute measurement, with full force, and above all, it can bite upto 12 times in a single blow. It is the second-longest Poisonous snake in the world (after King Cobra). Its venom is highly toxic. Although there are other snakes with more toxic venom, but Its venom is probably has the most rapid-action. It can kill an adult with Its venom in, as little as, 20 minutes. It has an impeccable ability to inject 1/250 ounce of venom in single bite. Symptoms can include double vision, excessive drooling and fever, etc.
1. Coastal Taipan:
Topping our list, this one here is one of the most Deadliest Snake, Coastal Taipan. It is a large, extremely venomous Snake, which is usually found along Australian coast stretching from New South Wales and Queensland to the northern parts of Northern Territory and northern West Australia. It belongs to “elapid” category of Snakes. It is a very sharp, and nervous Snake, and any movement near them, will trigger an inevitable threat. While defending itself, It becomes very aggressive, and raises its head and upper-body in a sort-of angry mood.
Its lightweight allows it to hurl easily sideways or forward, and It bites with such a speed that even after some bites, You may not be able to realize its bite. According to Australian venom and toxin database, its venom has a LD 50 value of 0.106 mg/kg. Its venom contains a highly potent neurotoxin, which results in haemolytic and coagulopathic reactions. Venom affects the blood’s ability to clot and central nervous system of body. Victim may experience vomiting, nausea, collapse, paralysis, headache myolysis (destruction of muscular tissues), kidney damage and convulsions (especially among children), etc. That is why we call it the Most Venomous Snake of the World.